동영상 미국시사해설

미국 워싱턴에서 Jim Lehrer 사회로 진행되는 PBS의 News Hour 동영상입니다.
PBS News Hour 매일 영어대본에서 보다 풍부한 내용을 보실 수 있어요.

2007년 4월 17일 

버지니아공대 총기난사 사건에 대한 뉴스

버지니아 공대 총기난사 범인 조승희는 누구이며,

범행 동기는 무엇이었는가에 대한 버지니아 공대 교직원들 및 전문가들의 토론.
 

BBC 뉴스 동영상 칼럼
미국시사해설

영어설교 방송실
시사 칼럼
영화상영관
시사동영상
추천사이트
사이트맵
도서 검색창  

BBC 비디오/DVD 서점

News Hour 매일 영어대본

동영상 영어뉴스 카페

 
미국시사해설 2006년 목록
광주사태 동영상
2006년 미국 워싱턴에서 Jim Lehrer 사회로 진행되는 시사해설/시사토론
동영상 미국시사해설 주제 2007년 4월 17일: 미국뉴스/ 미국인이 본 조승희와 버지니아 총기사건(1)

   두 여중생 교통사고 때 한국인이 보여준 반미 촛불시위와는 달리 미국인들이 범인 조승희를 한 인격체로 대하면서 문제 해결을 모색하는 모습이 돋보인다.  범대위는 미군 장갑차 훈련장에서 두 여중생이 보행하였다는 사실은 감추고, 미군 장갑차 운전병이 고의로 살인했다는 픽션 소설을 쓴 반면에, 미국인들은 아직은 조승희가 범인이라는 명확한 증거가 없다면서 발언을 신중하게 하고 있다.


seung-hui. He was a 23-year-old south korean here in the U.S. As a resident alien.K>?l cho was enrolled as an undergraduate student in his senior year as an english major at virginia tech. Cho was in the U.S. With the residence established in centerville virginia and was living on campus in harper hall. 46256E4E.JPG

>> Suarez: Harper hall is adjacent to ambler johnston hall where the first shootings took place yesterday. Two people died there.Thorities believ to his dorm room to reload following the first shootings which occurred just after 7:00 A.M. He then proceeded to norris hall, the engineering building, where most of the killing was done two hours later. Cho, a south koreannt status. He was a green card holder. Cho's family lives west of washington D.C. In centerville virginia. He had graduated from high 2003. Both communities are about 225 miles from blacksburg. Police said two handguns, a nine millimetre and a 22 caliber were found with choe's body. Backpack for a glock 9 millimetre pistol like this one purchased in march. Green card holders are permitted under federal law to purchase firearms if they have no felony conviction. 46256E8C.JPG

Localn the gunman's neighborhood today, but there was little in way of definitive information on the young man or his family.

>> Can you describe the family as you saw them throughout the years.

>> Friendly. Connected.

>> Very quiet. I didn't know them at all. I don't even know their name.

>> Suarez: That seeming anonimity initially perplexed investigators and officials as well.

>> If guy was a loner. We're having difficulty trying to find any information about him.

>> Suarez: Two english professors were surprised they didn't know the gunman.

>> Did you know the student.

>> No. He wasn't known to me. 46256EB2.JPG

>> Does that surprise you that you wouldn't know a senior english student.

>> Yes, i find it surprising. Our department is pretty tight- knit community. We know our students fairly well. So this person was on the periphery as far as i know.

>> Suarez: I talked earlier today to mark fisher of the "washington post." Mark fisher, welcome. This morning when authorities and the university identified the virginia tech student involved in the shootings, had they already established that he was the gunman in both attacks?

>> That seems to be the case. They at least know that the same weapon was used in both attacks. They're trying to piece together the other pieces of evidence that would conclude that he was the sole gunman. 46256EE3.JPG

>> Suarez: Is there any information on a motive?

>> There's just a rambling note that he left behind which is a very angry note against rich people. He talks about debauchery and generally wealth in which he seems to be upset by. He also signed it with the same name that he wrote on his arm. Smael ax. And the police don't seem to know what that means.

>> Suarez: What has emerged through the day about cho seung-hui and his life in the U.S.? When did he come to this country?

>> He came with his parents. He was eight years old. His pareed t in 1992. They run a dry cleaners about 40 minutes outside of washington D.C. In centerville. His older sister is gradwa( from princeton university, just a couple of years ago. They live in a house, a town house in a very new development in a part of the suburbs where many of the

>> Suarez: Were there signs of emotional problems before yesterday.

>> There seemed to have been. Especially at virginia tech. Some of the kids referred to him as question mark man because in a british literature class when all the other students introduced themselvess to the professor by writing their name down on a sign-in sheet he only listed a question mark. When the professor asked him about that he remained silent.

>> Suarez: Did his teachers see in his work anything that bothered them about this young man.

>> Indeed. One of his english professors was very disturbed by a piece he did in a creative writing assignment, so disturbed that she referred him to counseling because of the content. We don't have that concept but it must have been quite extreme for a professor to take such a step. 46256F4A.JPG

>> Suarez: You mentioned that he comes from centerville virginia. That's near dulles international airport. Last night the police made a visit to the cho residence. What was that like?

>> A number of police cars both marked and unmarked arrived late last night. Police went into the house, gathered up a bunch of materials, came out with a number of boxes. The family either left with them or had been escorted away in the hours right before that. They've gone into hiding since then. What i found fascinating about this is that one neighbor after another told me about this. Having witnessed this. I asked them if they had spoken to the police or if they had found out anything more. They said, oh, no, every single one of them had stayed inside their towusll this through an upstairs bedroom window or a living room curtain or evenheir front door open T. Know one another well at all. Not a single one of them felt bold enough to go outside to observe or ask a question. 46256F85.JPG

>> Suarez: Has it been established yet how cho seung-hui got the guns he used in the attack.

>> One of them was purchased at a roanoke gun store within the last weeks. Ot, the derivation is not quite clear.

>> Suarez: And they're using the evidence of what was in his pack and so on as signs of premeditation so far?

>> It does appear that this was well planned. There's some evidence that he had practiced at a shooting range. The guns had been purchased sometime before. The statement was lengthy and had been written before the events. So this does not appear to have been a crime of immediate passion. 46256FAC.JPG

>> Suarez: Do we know if his troubles go back further? You mentioned signs of emotional upset during times at virginia tech. Did anybody have anything to say in centerville.

>> They seemed to find him, the neighbors, that is, seemed to find him the mysterious person in the family. They describe the parents and the sister as quite polite and friendly willing to engage with neighbors but they describe the son as someone who did not respond to the most routine of greetings. They did not recall any friends having been at the house.

>> Suarez: Mark fisher of the "washington post," thanks for joining us.

>> Good to be with you.

>> Lehrer: Now, the awful day after at virginia tech. Newshour correspondent kwame holman narrates our report. 46256FD8.JPG

>> Reporter: Flags on virginia tech's campus flew at half staff this morning as students set up memorials to the dead. About a mile from campus, there was an encouraging news at the montgomery regional hospital. Many of the more than 25 injured were taken there. An update on how the victims were doing.

>> 12 of the patients from yesterday's shooting remain at montgomery and the medical center. All are in stable condition. We have nine patients here at montgomery regional hospital. Three of those were critical last night. They've been upgraded to stable as of this morning. At the medical center in salem, they have three patients remaining. All are in stable condition. One is expected to be discharged today.

>> Reporter: On campus students who witnessed and .

>> We heard it in the classroom next to us. It sounded kind of like an enormous hammer. Just over and over again. Every one or two seconds. We heard the screams and realized what was happening.

>> What were you doing trying to get behind desks, under desks or anything?

>> At first everyone just got up in order to get out of there. Some went for the door and the shots were coming down the hallway.

>> You were on the second story so you went to kick out the windows to to safety., He was trying to bar the door. Is that correct?

>> He was standing guard by the door. The whole ti i

>> And then when you started jumping out of the window, what was happening?

>> Well, i think i was actually the last to jump. The two people bmtz me actually got shot got out the room had ripped the screens off and kicked the windows open. They're pretty old. So i could see the people jump in front of me. A couple of people broke ankles and legs. I aimed for a bush. I hit the bush first and the ground so i ended up okay.

>> Reporter erday's scene at a press conference.

>> We've had dozens and dozens of investigators, special agents, from various agencies, detectives from various agencies that have been working around the clock on a horrific crime scene. You all have reported this is the most horrific incident that's occurred on college campus in our country. The scene certainly bore that out. What went on during that incident certainly caused tremendous chaos and panic in norris hall. As a result, it's greatly complicated our being able to process the scene, if you can imagine. At the crime scene personal effects were strewn about the entire second floor at norris hall. So it made it much more difficult for us to identify students and faculty members that were victims. Victims were found in at least 4625709A.JPGfour classromm& as well as a we know that there were a number of heroic events that took place. Students and faculty alike. Within minutes of this tragedy unfolding. The gunman was discovered among several of the victims in one of the classrooms. He had taken his own life. Now i want to further explore just a bit this idea of additional shooters or accomplices or whatnot. What has just been reported to you is that the ballistics test says that one of the weapons used in norris hall was also used in thesh... the evidence has not led us to where we can say with all certainty that the same shooter was involved at both instances. So we are now exploringevidenceing to make that trail. It certainly is reasonable for us to assume that cho was the shooter in both places but we don't have the evidence tome

>> Reporter: Despite the fact that many names of victims have been reported in the press, an official list of those who died won't come until late tudents and faculty will be released once all victims are positively identifyed and next of kin are notified.

>> Reporter: The said that could takes faced some criticism for the handling of the shootings, also spoke at this morning's press conference.

>> We will close norris hall foengrange alternative locations for the classrooms and for faculty offices. Counseling and other resources are avaifo faculty and staff.

>> Reporter: The shooting at norris hall killed 30 le fi west ambler were not notifiedholready was underway.

>> Yesterday morning, president steger and his staff c made the right decisions based on the best information that they had available at the time. Our priority needs to be and our focus needs to remain on the ongoing cnd most importantly on dealing with the needs of the victims and their families and the students here at virginia tech.

>> Reporter:Ut students remained unsure.

I've never felt dangeied for a lack of security. I think the school should have notified us after the 7:00 shooting. I know i wouldn't have come to campus. If I would have known.

>> Reporter: This morning two students told the newshour's tom beardon that some of the anger manyre this woman is a communications major.

>> I defilynococ class and some of my roommates and stuff that were upset. I think most people realize that it's really a tough situation and that, you know, it's tough to place blam celebrating the lives of these people that were lost.

>> Reporter: Jenny is a senior communications major from virginia.

>> Increasing security for a little bit for a few days tet substantially to make it anything similar to a big city or an airport or anything, it's just going to i think it would be very detrimental torywhere for the rest of the year or for next year, it will make people afraid to be here. We don't need people afraid to be here. A lot of people feel safe tier this. They feel scared but I don't think they feel like this is going to be something that reoccurs.

>> Reporter: This afternoon thousands of students and faculty stood in line for some two hours trying to get into a sports arena for a convocation, the university's first official gathering since the shooting. (The national anthem) that venue filled quickly. And the overflow crowd was diverted to the university's football stadium nearby where people were able to view the ceremony on the scoreboard screen. 462571B4.JPG

>> It's impossible to make sense of such violence and suffering. Those whose lives were taken did nothing to deserve their fate. They were simply in the wrong place at the wrong time. Now they're gone and they leave behind grieving families and grieving classmates, and a grieving nation.

>> Reporter: Governor tim kaine who was in tokyo when the shooting occurred returned to virginia tott president bush and first lady laura bush.

>> Lehrer: We'll have more from the convocation later in the program. Late this afternoon, authorities in blacksburg held another press conference. Tom, several questions. First of all who was at the news conference? 462571E9.JPG

>> Speaking. News conference were governor tim kaine that you just saw in the tape briefly a moment ago and steven flaherty who was the superintendent of the virginia state police along with about 35 television cameras from all over the planet and 75 satellite trucks that I can see surrounding me here.

>> Lehrer: Did the governor or anybody say anything more about the problems involving the time lag, the two hours between the first shots, the first killings. Two people and then the 30 later?

>> The governor was asked about that. His response was that he is appointing a special commission, an independent law enforcement review, as he termed it, to investigate the reactions of everyone from law enforcement to the university administration to notification of students. He was asked several questions about that and declined to answer in any detail saying he would wait for the result of that.

>> Lehrer: Superintendent flaherty didn't add anything to that as well, right?

>> He did not. What he had to say basically was that they were following the leads on the two weapons that had been recovered from the shooting scene and they were also looking into some documents. They had executed a search warrant on student cho's dormitory room. They found documents there and were investigating those.

>> Lehrer: On the documents, mark fisher of the "washington post" told ray suarez earlier this evening that his reporting indicated that there was a rambling note found that cho had written. Is that considered a suicide note by everybody?

>> Flaherty said no. But he wasn'T... he didn't absolutely rule out the possibility. But it was a strong indication from him at least from my perspective that that was not a suicide note. There were other questions about writings, specifically a tid . The superintendent said he had no information on that and said that was unlikely.

>> Lehrer: Say again, tom, as to where this note was found. In his dormitory room or at his home in centerville?

>> I believe it was his campus dormitory room. That's at least the writings that superintendent flaherty was referring to. Mains toe kn these events? Why are they still saying we're not sure?

>> It may be a matter of simply making absolutely sure that they positively identify who did the shooting at the first, at the dormitory where the student and the resident advisor were killed. The superintendent has said twice today, first at the morning briefing and at the briefing this afternoon, that they have no evidence that there is any accomplice involved in this. They know that at least one of the guns was involved in both shootings. No evidence that cho had an accomplice but they said they could not positively say at this point pending further investigation whether he was involved at the first shooting. 4625728B.JPG

>> Lehrer: Who is... who or what organization is in charge of the investigation now, tom?

>> No one at this point. Go might appoint. He declined to do so. He said he needed to talk to the people he had in mind to get their permission first.

>> Lehrer: Now the grasked aboutus virginia. What did he say about that?

>> He was asked a couple of questions abouth onepahe was probably the most emotional thing he said at this particular briefing. He said that he had nothing but loathing for tragedy jus a political hobby horse. That was in response to a question about gun laws.

>> Lehrer: Tom, he also was asked or both of them were asked about this in fact, reacted in a suicide way to what their son had done. They put that down too. Did they not? Rather arealy.

>> Actually, neither the governor or the superintendent tP.Red suicide.

>> Lehrer: Is there anything else that you heard in the news conference? You've heard everything we've reported up to until now. That you heard in the news conference that we need to know about.

>> No, sir. I don't think so. The key i think at this point is the fact that the goff knorr is going to appoint this independent review to raise all the questions to address the questions that have been raised here on the campus and elsewhere about whether or not the response was adequate and timely., Much.

>> You're welcome.

>> Lehrer: Now the challenge of keeping college campuses safe everywhere andly unfounded, okl steven joel trachtenberg is the president of george washington university. Allen bova is the director of risk management and insurance at cornell university. And melissa vito is vice provost for student affairs and head of the campus emergency response team at the university of arizona. In 2002, a nursing student t taking his own life. Melissa vito, i want to start with you because you've kind of lived through this on your campus. A university's worst nightmare. How do you prepare for it?

>> Well, thanks, gwen. You prepare by trying to have a strong emergency response team in place with a group of people who know what their roles are, who know how to deal with emergencies and who can work really well together. We had that in nng shootings, but we also saw that they had some gaps so we've taken our team and expanded it, made sure that we've got faculty representation,st group that meets monthly for several hours to review all aspects of our emergency response planning.

>> Ifill: Allen bova let's talk about that. How is it different to try to come up with a multiplan that melissa vito just talked about on a college campus than it would be elan?Allenging. A college campus has hundreds of buildings. It's spread over many square miles. There's numerous departments and individuals that you need to consult. To try to formulate such a plan.

>> Ifill: Yet we heardha tom beardon in his tape report that she doesn't want a real lockdown on campus. She doesn't want to be afraid on campus. How do you deal with that attitude?

>> I would support that enn't thinatollege campuses need to be fortresses or need to have airport security to... because i think it would really harm the educational process. Also, itou such restrictive security.

>> Ifill: President trachtenberg, your campus is an urban campus, far dntrespecbut is this somethinh

like theyar arizona state about security? Is this something that you all have to talk about a lot?

>> Yes, I think it's a blend . Anity. So you want transparency. You want to use technology. You want to use training but you also want the students and the it's not something that can be done top-down. This is something that has to ut cothe campus. We need everybody on campus to be concerned for each other and to look after each other. I urge the students in this freshmen a. Into to offwo and ey thtenberg, your campus is also located not far from the white house. Did that change the kinds of security precautions that you took to secure your campus after 9/11 or do events like this change what you do?

>> Yes. We have considerably professionalized but they were very good before. Now we've taken them to the point where we have an accredited department of security. We have now a associate vice president for security as well as a chief of police. E student groups and others that are alert. This is not something that can be done merely by paid officers. However alert, however good they may be. You need the student body and to recognize that security is a consequential 21st century issue snep l an emergency especially you never see an emergency coming. Is this something tt do you reach out enforcement and bring them in?

>> We... well, each emergency is different. So on our campus, we immediately convene with our policy group of our campus emergency response team. And we get together as soon as we know of anything and immediately assess what we know and then figure out what resources going to be needed to address the emergency. So there may be times when we utilize external resources. Therbe but we always... i want to echo the comment made about involving the whole community because our campus emepl te across faculty, students and then particular areas of expertise across the whole when we redeveloped policies to address threatening behavior and disruptivebehavior anded wd fort. But crises tend to be dynamic.Plan, set goals and then be ready to adjust as we gather new information.

>> Ifill: Allen bova, let's ta aconcerns atn' ther shootiha know about techn aant emailing, about some sort of emergency warning system, that campus security officials are now talking about and thinking about, not only in the wake of these kinds of incidents but even anticipating these kinds of incidents?.

>> Ifill: This isor bova, just a moment. Sir.

>> Most college campuses are looking at notification systems. Virginia tech had a notification system that they sent out an students. I know that they have a good risk m ien their notification systems and looking to see what they can do to improve on their existing systems to make them even more robust. Good risk management is looking after the incident happened not just on your college campus but at other campuses and the incidents they've experienced and evaluating the risk and seeing whether or not those systems really work and trying to improve on those systems and processes to make for a safer campus to protect our students, faculty and staff.

>> Ifill: When you say risk management, aren't one of the risks what the mood is of a troubled student. We now know that this student had warning signs. Is part of your risk... managing risk tracking those warning signs?

>> Well, those warning signs are very, very difficult really to determine in a lot of cases. I think what you're really talking about is profiling. I'm not sure profiling usually works. Certainly I think that virginia tech in this particular case did identify the student. They did take the appropriate action by referring the student toel but this was an extremely i and not enough really is placed towards the actual person that committed this heinous crimeesident ht a system in place, if there is a troubled student who is sending out signs that thereou t be perfect on this. It's a delicate balance as has been indicated between the rights of individuals, both their legal rights and concerns under the A.D.A., The americans with disabilities act, and also the obligations of the university to the larger community. If you have somebody who you think is a danger to himself or herself or to others you obviously ha s it turns out you have inadverten overacted that's a lot easier to fix than having been too cautious. So my attitude is you'd want to protect all of your students and you want to do it mao individual way.

>> Ifill: Melissa vito, we saw today lockdowns on university campuses in four states and a lot of high school campuses around the country today. Do you think this sort of thing creates a hair-trigger response which is or is not helpful on campuses after an event like this?

>> I think it does create a sense of unease among student and faculty populations. I think one of the challenges in dealing with a crisis is how you deal with the people issues because you're dealing with people who are normally healthy, functional individuals who suddenly are thrust into the midst of a crisis. And the challenge for us is how you move those people back to a sense of recovery and normalcy. I think that the lockdowns, depending up s, times cre more unease and anxiety but again each situation isindial 4625755C.JPG

>> Ifill: In general, are college campuses or assafe as they can be? Melissa vito.

>> I believe that they ar.

Y across the numbers of students on our campuses numbers of faculty and staff, we have many small cities and towns nation. Believe are quite safe. And that these situations are very unique.

>> Ifill: Melissa vito f the unty, ev joel trachtenberg of george washingto uand allen bova of cornell, thank you all very m dand to geoffrey brown.And to geoffrey brown.


[BBC동영상 뉴스 칼럼][한국어 뉴스 동영상][미국시사해설][영화감상실][동영상][추천 사이트][사이트맵][영어 뉴스]