By Kevin Kim
BBC News, Seoul
When South Korean TV broadcast news that hostages held
by the Taleban were to be released, cheers of joy echoed through the
church where the families of the Christian aid workers had been waiting
for more than a month.
The South Korean Christians were doing voluntary work in
As South Koreans went to work on Wednesday morning, they could not
escape the news of the deal struck to free 12 of the 19 hostages.
The government expects the remaining seven hostages to be freed in
the coming days.
The headline of one newspaper said that a 40-day nightmare was
finally over, and a collective sense of anxiety finally turned into a
sense of relief.
But what lessons have been learned from the ordeal?
Even as vigils were held to pray for the safe return of the hostages,
many difficult questions were also asked about Christian missionaries
ignoring official warnings about threats to their safety.
"I have been on Christian aid missions myself," said Baek Joo-han, a
22-year-old university student in Seoul.
"Other countries may see us as dogmatic and being too selfish, but we
are going to other countries to help people out of pure love. We
shouldn't be doing things that are bad for our country, though.
"I think we really have to refrain from going to countries where the
government says it's too dangerous," he said.
Some 25% of the South Korean population is Christian, about 15,000 of
whom work as missionaries overseas.
But some Christian leaders believe South Korea now has to re-assess
some of its missionary work in culturally sensitive areas.
19 July: 23 South Korean Christian aid workers seized on
bus in Ghazni province
26 July: Body of hostage Pastor Bae Hyung-kyu is found
31 July: Second hostage Shim Sung-min, 29, found shot
13 August: Two hostages freed
29 August: 12 of remaining 19 hostages released
Dr Steve Moon, the director at the Korea Research Institute for
Mission, says the hostage incident will help South Korean missionaries
become more mature.
"South Korean missionaries have been fairly free up to now to spread
the gospel in areas where Western evangelicals have difficulty
"But now there are greater risks of identities of the South Korean
missionaries becoming exposed. There will need to be greater
transparency," Dr Moon says.
But it is not entirely a happy ending.
Questions are already being asked over whether the lives of two men
who were killed in the initial weeks of the kidnapping could have been
saved had the government engaged in negotiations with the Taleban